After students have read and studied the material in this chapter, they should be able to answer the following questions:


1.                  What are gender norms and stereotypes?  How do they play out in the behaviors of men and women?


2.                  What actual psychological differences exist between males and females?


3.                  How does Eagly’s social role hypothesis explain gender stereotypes? 


4.                  How do gender role stereotypes influence infants’ behavior and treatment?


5.                  How do children acquire gender role stereotypes?  In what ways do children exhibit gender-typed behavior?


6.                  What theoretical explanations account for gender-typed behaviors?  How well supported are these theories?


7.                  How do gender roles change throughout adulthood?


8.                  What is androgyny?  To what extent is it useful?


9.                  How are infants are affected by their sex?  What do we know about infant sexuality?


10.              What do children know about sex and reproduction?  How does sexual behavior change during childhood?


11.              What factors contribute to the development of sexual orientation?  What are adolescents’ sexual attitudes and behavior today?


12.       What changes occur in sexual activity during adulthood?