II. Interpreting behavior of others
A. Person Perception: How Do We Form Impressions of Others?
1. Perception is driven by a combination of bottom-up processing and top-down processing, and a similar analysis can be applied to the perception of people.
2. Physical Appearance--
3. Social schema--
5. The Self-fullfilling Prophecy Effect--
6. Prejudice -
B. Attribution theory: Attributing causes to behavior.
1. Attributions are the inferences that are made when people assign causes to behaviors.
2. Covariation Model/Covarions principle
Harold Kelly's theory of attribution (1973): Covariation principle
3. Internal Versus External Attributions.
4. The Fundamental Attribution Error
5. The Actor-Observer effect
The Actor-Observer Bias: